Effets de l'orthographe sur la reconnaissance des mots chez les apprenants d'anglais hispanophones

Auteurs

  • María Teresa Martínez-García University of Utah Asia Campus

Résumé

Bien que la perception de la parole influence la reconnaissance des mots, on ne comprend pas bien quels aspects spécifiques de la cartographie L1-L2 jouent le rôle le plus important. Cette étude explore si les informations d’orthographe visuelle influencent la cartographie des informations phonémiques dans une L2 et, le cas échéant, quelle en est incidence à la fois sur la perception et sur la reconnaissance des mots. Un groupe d’apprenants hispanophones d’anglais ont effectué une tâche AXB et une tâche de monitorage de mots anglais dans lesquels la place des phonèmes labiodental /v/ et bilabial /b/, qui sont allophoniques en espagnol mais phonémiques en anglais (par exemple, best vs. vest), avait été modifiée. Les résultats montrent un effet clair de la L1 des apprenants sur la perception et la reconnaissance des mots de la L2, modulé en partie par les informations orthographiques vues. Ces résultats soutiennent les modèles qui prédisent la cartographie des phonèmes L1-L2, en soulignant à quel point les informations orthographiques peuvent être une variable importante à prendre en compte.

Mots-clés

bilabial , labiodental , cartographie L2 , informations orthographiques , reconnaissance de mots , perception de la parole

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Publiée

28-12-2023

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