La governança global de les tecnologies de millora genètica: justificació, propostes i desafiaments

Autors/ores

Resum

La possibilitat de la millora genètica humana exigeix una resposta institucional i, probablement, la creació de noves institucions. A més, la governança de les tecnologies de millora genètica ha de tenir un abast mundial. En aquest article analitzo el debat sobre la governança global de la millora genètica humana. Començo oferint una justificació filosòfica de la necessitat d’adoptar un marc global per a la governança de les tecnologies que facilitarien la millora dels trets genètics no patològics. A continuació, resumeixo les principals propostes concretes que han sorgit recentment per governar l’edició genètica a escala planetària. Finalment, exposo alguns impediments que limiten l’ímpetu en la governança global de la millora genètica.

Paraules clau

CRISPR, bioètica global, GenÈtica, governança tecnològica, polítiques de la millora humana

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Biografia de l'autor/a

Jon Rueda Etxebarria, Universidad de Granada

Jon Rueda Etxebarria ha cursat el doctorat de Filosofía a la Universitat de Granada gràcies a un contracte La Caixa INPhINIT Retaining. També ha completat estades de recerca a la Universitat d’Oxford, la Universitat d’Utrecht i la Universitat de Califòrnia a San Diego (amb un contracte Fulbright). La majoria de les seves publicacions se centren en diversos temes de la bioètica, la filosofia i l’ètica de la tecnologia, l’ètica de la salut pública o la millora humana. Aquestes publicacions poden consultar-se a la seva pàgina web: https://jonrueda.wordpress.com/

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19-03-2024

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