Dinàmiques posteriors a la revolució genètica. Com coexistiran els humans modificats i els no modificats?



En aquest article sostinc que la revolució genètica, és a dir, l’adveniment d’una sèrie de tecnologies genètiques altament transformadores i disruptives, tindrà lloc en els pròxims anys. Atesa la importància d’aquest esdeveniment històric, defenso que hem d’anticipar-nos per reflexionar sobre la dinàmica socioètica que podria comportar aquesta revolució. Per fer-ho, primer exploro les formes en què podria desenvolupar-se aquesta revolució genètica i els problemes socioètics als quals s’enfrontarà. A continuació, descric les possibles dinàmiques socials que apareixeran en un escenari posterior a la revolució genètica utilitzant l’exemple de l’Equador, una societat multiètnica que va patir una abrupta transformació social i genètica que podria assemblar-se en alguns aspectes al que la revolució genètica podria comportar.

Paraules clau

tecnologies genètiques, bioètica, millora humana, desigualtat, problemes d’acció col·lectiva


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Biografia de l'autor/a

Marcos Alonso, Universidad Complutense de Madrid

Marcos Alonso (doctor europeu) és professor i investigador a la Universitat Complutense de Madrid. Prèviament ha estat professor en universitats de l’Equador i Xile. És autor del llibre Ortega y la técnica (CSIC, 2021) i ha publicat en importants revistes internacionals, com Bioethics. Així mateix, és el traductor a l’espanyol de Superintelligence, de N. Bostrom. Les seves àrees de recerca són la bioètica, l’ètica aplicada, la filosofia de la tècnica i l’antropologia filosòfica. Els seus interessos se centren en els problemes ètics que sorgeixen en la intersecció entre la tecnologia i la condició humana. És també especialista en el pensament d’Ortega y Gasset, la filosofia del qual ha utilitzat per abordar qüestions com l’ecologia o el transhumanisme.




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