Redes bimodales para analizar repertorios de contienda

La transferibilidad de las formas de protesta en España en tiempos de austeridad

Autores/as

Resumen

Los análisis empíricos de los repertorios de contienda (el conjunto de formas o tácticas diferentes que emplean los actores colectivos en un territorio y periodo determinado) se han realizado tradicionalmente a través de enfoques agregativos basados únicamente en el análisis del volumen de diferentes tácticas y su distribución temporal. Este artículo implementa empíricamente por vez primera una reciente propuesta metodológica para medir de una manera más fehaciente, detallada y dinámica los repertorios de contienda a través del análisis de redes bimodales. Dicha propuesta se basa en la operacionalización del concepto de “modularidad táctica” (esto es, la transferibilidad de las formas de protesta a diferentes circunstancias de la contienda) a través de la métrica de centralidad de grado ponderada. Haciendo uso de una completa base de datos de 1.582 eventos de protesta en España, se explora la evolución del repertorio de contienda durante el ciclo de protesta anti-austeridad entre 2007 y principios de 2015. En congruencia con las teorías de ciclos de contienda, los resultados muestran una notable flexibilización global del repertorio de contienda durante el pico del ciclo (2011-13), debido principalmente a la creciente transferibilidad de las ocupaciones de espacios públicos primero y las protestas simbólicas después.

Palabras clave

repertorios de contienda, análisis de eventos de protesta, ciclos de protesta, redes políticas multimodales, centralidad de grado ponderada

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Publicado

30-05-2024

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