Ambigüedad, universos multiestables, y autoesquemas posibles de ficción en el relato de fantasmas "Harry" de Rosemary Timperley


  • María-Ángeles Martínez Universidad de Alcalá


El presente estudio analiza el relato de fantasmas «Harry» (Timperley, 1955) dentro de los paradigmas de la cognición corporeizada (Gallese, 2005, 2017), la ambigüedad cognitiva (Zeki, 2006), y la teoría de autoesquemas possibles de ficción (Martínez, 2014, 2018). El objetivo es averiguar qué autoesquemas posibles de ficción, o «imágenes de uno mismo en universos de ficción» (Martínez, 2014: 119) es probable que proyecten los lectores, y explorar la interacción de estos autoesquemas con la ambigüedad que caracteriza las narraciones de fantasmas. El análisis sugiere que en «Harry» la ambigüedad (Zeki, 2006) orienta la construcción mental de dos universos de ficción, alternativos e igualmente ciertos, que denomino universos multi-estables de ficción, y que se relacionan, respectivamente, con construcciones de signficado siniestras y racionales. Los autoesquemas posibles de ficción que se proyectan en estos escenarios mentales del universo de ficción parecen estar predominantemente relacionados con respuestas emocionales relativas al miedo, las relaciones familiares, y a percepciones éticas de justicia social.

Palabras clave

cognición corporeizada, autoesquemas posibles de ficción, historias de fantasmas, universos multiestables


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