Juan de Bustamante and the first European Print in India

Alfonso Ojeda

Abstract

The Jesuits developed an ambitious plan of evangelization in India under the Portuguese system of Padroado. They very soon realised the great value of printing. In 1556 the Spanish Jesuit Juan de Bustamante and his printing equipment arrived in Goa. He is characterized as the first person to introduce European typographic techniques to India and, therefore, to Asia. Bustamante edited a considerable number of engravings and some books and leaflets in several languages, including the native Malabar language. The Spaniard also taught the art of printing to his apprentices. Even when he was mortally ill, he passed on his expertise to a new Jesuit printer who was about to join the mission in Japan.

Keywords

Juan de Bustamante, India, Japan, Jesuits, printer, editor

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