Text, Representation and Revision: Re-visioning Partition Violence in Khushwant Singh’s Train to Pakistan and Bhisham Sahni’s Tamas

Authors

  • Afrinul Haque Khan Nirmala College, Ranchi University, Ranchi (India)

Abstract

Partition is a complex historical reality that continues to puzzle the minds of scholars, historians and imaginative writers, who, ever since its occurrence, have endeavored to comprehend, through their numerous texts and writings, the subtle nuances of the complex strands that shaped the making of this seminal event. The present study attempts to examine, through a comparative analysis of Singh’s Train to Pakistan and Sahni’s Tamas, how the profoundly sensitive and deeply perceptive imagination of both Singh and Sahni  create texts which re-enact, with sheer clarity and force, the happenings of partition and hence enable the readers to re-vision the complexities involved in its occurrence, create awareness/consciousness in them regarding those historical blunders, the consequences of which are still borne by the people and also urge them to revise/reform their attitudes, thinking and practices so that their present as well future is safeguarded against such catastrophic events.

Keywords

Partition, Text, Representation, Re-vision, Revision, Train to Pakistan, Tamas, Khushwant Singh, Bhisham Sahni

References

BAKER, ERNEST ALBERT. 1924. The History of English Novel Volume 1. Lanham: Rowman & Littlefield.

BATAILLE, GEORGES. 1992. Theory of Religion (trans. Robert Hurley). New York: Zone Books.

BHALLA, ALOK. 1994. “Introduction” in Alok Bhalla (ed.) Stories about the Partition of India, Volume 1. New Delhi: Harper Collins.

BOSE, SUGATA AND AYESHA JALAL. 2004. Modern South Asia: History, Culture, Political Economy. New Delhi: Oxford University Press.

BUCHNAN, JOHN. 1987. Quoted in “Episode 1” Tamas. (prod. Govind Nihlani). Doordarshan.

CHATTHA, ILYAS. 2012. “Economic Change and Community Relations in Lahore Before Partition.” Journal of Punjab Studies, 19(2) 193-213.

EAGLETON, TERRY. 1996. Literary Theory: An Introduction. Malden: Blackwell Publishing.

ELIOT, T. S. 1932. Selected Essays. London: Faber and Faber Limited.

GUHA, RAMCHANDRA. 2008. India after Gandhi: The History of the World’s Largest Democracy. New Delhi: Picador India.

HAY, JEFF. 2006. The Partition of British India. New York: Chelsea House.

KEANE, JOHN. 1996. Reflections on Violence. London: Verso.

KHOSLA, G. D. 1989. Stern Reckoning, A Survey of the Events Leading Up To and Following the Partition of India. New Delhi: Oxford University Press.

TOLSTOY, L. 1897. “The moral responsibilities of art” (trans. A. Maude) in D. Gioia and R. S. Gwynn (eds.). 2006. The Art of the Short Story. New York: Pearson.

MENON, JISHA. 2013. The Performance of Nationalism: India, Pakistan and the Memory of Partition. New York: Cambridge University Press.

MUKHERJEE, MEENAKSHI. 2004. The Perishable Empire: Essays on Indian Writing in English. New Delhi: Oxford University Press.

NANDA, B. R. 2003. Witness to Partition: A Memoir. New Delhi: Rupa & Co.

PANDEY, GYANENDRA. 2004. Remembering Partition: Violence, Nationalism and History in India. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

PRITAM, AMRITA. 1992. “I Say unto Waris Shah” in K. M. George (ed.) Modern Indian Literature, an Anthology: Surveys and Essays. New Delhi: Sahitya Akademi.

ROY, RITUPARNA. 2010. South Asian Partition Fiction in India: From Khushwant Singh to Amitav Ghosh. Amsterdam: Amsterdam University Press.

SAHNI, BHISHAM. 2014. Tamas. New Delhi: Penguin Books India. [2001]

SAMADDAR, R. 2001. A Biography of the Indian Nation 1947–1997. New Delhi: Sage.

SEERVAI, H. M. 2014. Partition of India: Legend and Reality. New Delhi: Universal Law Publishing Company.

SINGH, KHUSHWANT. 1998. “‘A Forgetful Nation’ in With Malice Towards One and All”. The Hindustan Times, January 31, 1998: 9.

SINGH, KHUSHWANT. 1964. “Guest of Honour Talk.” The Australian Broadcasting Comission’s Guest of Honour Programme, broadcast on 5th April, 1964.

SINGH, KHUSHWANT. 2009. Train to Pakistan. New Delhi: Penguin India. [1956]

TALBOT, IAN. 2006. Divided Cities: Partition and Its Aftermath in Lahore and Amritsar, 1947-1957. Karachi: Oxford University Press.

Author Biography

Afrinul Haque Khan, Nirmala College, Ranchi University, Ranchi (India)

Dr. Afrinul Haque Khan is Assistant Professor and Head in Department of English at Nirmala College (Ranchi). Her doctoral thesis is on Post-Colonial Literature. Her papers have been published in several reputed National and International Journals and Books. She is also a member of several reputed associations and societies like IACLALS, ASAA, ISCS etc.

Published

16-04-2016

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.