Cómo usar QCA y SNA desde los métodos mixtos: una ilustración usando las redes de soporte en jubilados

Francisca José Ortiz-Ruiz

Resumen

En este artículo se propone el uso combinado del Análisis Comparado Cualitativo (Qualitative Comparative Analysis – QCA) y el Análisis de Redes Sociales (SNA) cómo estrategia metodológica para la investigación. De tal modo de ilustrar esta combinación, se demuestra la utilidad de su uso a través de su aplicación en el marco de una investigación sobre las redes de soporte de jubilados/as en Santiago de Chile. Los resultados indican que al evaluar la satisfacción de las personas mayores con respecto a sus pensiones, es necesario incorporar variables sobre sus relaciones personales dado que influyen en ello. Se concluye que le uso de esta estrategia, al ser una aproximación de métodos mixtos, ayuda en la incorporación de lo relacional en las investigaciones sociales.  

Palabras clave

Métodos mixtos; redes personales; QCA; jubilados

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