Integración mixta de empresarios inmigrantes en microestados. El caso de Andorra

Judith Pampalona, Miranda Jessica Lubbers, José Luis Molina


La teoría de la integración mixta se ha probado empíricamente en varios países mostrando cómo los empresarios inmigrantes utilizan recursos de red provenientes tanto del país de origen como de residencia, incluidas las instituciones. Sin embargo, se ha prestado poca atención a las redes de empresarios inmigrantes que residen en un microestado. Las características específicas de los microestados pueden afectar la forma en que los empresarios migrantes desarrollan sus emprendimientos. Por lo tanto, recopilamos las redes personales de 40 empresarios a través de un enfoque de métodos mixtos, con el fin de comprender los mecanismos a través de los cuales el contexto de los microestados afecta las redes de apoyo de los emprendedores. Nuestros resultados indican que en Andorra los inmigrantes necesitan mayores niveles de apoyo de personas asentadas en o cerca de Andorra en comparación con inmigrantes en otros contextos. Los contactos en el país de origen solo juegan un rol secundario.

Palabras clave

Microestado; Emprendedores inmigrantes; Redes personales; Integración mixta; Apoyo social; Restricciones jurídicas

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