Karanos. Bulletin of Ancient Macedonian Studies https://revistes.uab.cat/karanos <em>Karanos. Bulletin of Ancient Macedonian Studies</em> is an Academic Journal focused in the Historical, Socioeconomical and Cultural perspectives related with Ancient Macedonia, from the Argead Dynasty to the Hellenistic Macedonian Kingdoms (Seleucids, Ptolemies, Antigonids, among others) and the Roman province of Macedonia. Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona. en-US Karanos. Bulletin of Ancient Macedonian Studies 2604-6199 Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:<br /><ol type="a"><li>Authors retain copyright.</li><li>The texts published in this journal are – unless indicated otherwise – covered by the Creative Commons Spain <a title="Creative Commons" href="http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/es/deed.en" target="_blank">Attribution 4.0</a> licence. You may copy, distribute, transmit and adapt the work, provided you attribute it (authorship, journal name, publisher) in the manner specified by the author(s) or licensor(s). The full text of the licence can be consulted here: <a href="https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/" target="_blank">https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/</a>.</li><li>Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.</li><li>Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See <a href="http://opcit.eprints.org/oacitation-biblio.html" target="_new">The Effect of Open Access</a>).</li></ol> Editorial https://revistes.uab.cat/karanos/article/view/v3-antela Editorial Karanos 3 (2020) Borja Antela Copyright (c) 2020 Borja Antela https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2020-12-01 2020-12-01 3 5 7 Review: Antonio Ignacio Molina Marín, Alejandro Magno (1916-2015). Un siglo de estudios sobre Macedonia antigua, Zaragoza, Pórtico, 2018, 772 pp. [ISBN 9788479561758] https://revistes.uab.cat/karanos/article/view/v3-antela-3 Review of <strong>Antonio Ignacio Molina Marín, <em>Alejandro Magno (1916-2015). Un siglo de estudios sobre Macedonia antigua</em>, Zaragoza, Pórtico, 2018, 772 pp. [ISBN 9788479561758].</strong> Borja Antela-Bernárdez Copyright (c) 2020 Borja Antela-Bernárdez´ https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2020-12-01 2020-12-01 3 183 184 Review of Pat Wheatley – Charlotte Dunn, Demetrius the Besieger, Oxford, Oxford University Press, 2020, 528 pp [ISBN 9780198836049] https://revistes.uab.cat/karanos/article/view/v3-molina-3 Review of <strong>Pat Wheatley – Charlotte Dunn, Demetrius the Besieger, Oxford, Oxford University Press, 2020, 528 pp [ISBN 9780198836049]</strong> Ignacio Molina Copyright (c) 2020 Ignacio Molina https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2020-12-01 2020-12-01 3 185 186 Review: Christian Thrue Djurslev, Alexander the Great in the early Christian tradition: Classical Reception and Patristic Literature, London, Bloomsbury, 2019, 240 pp [ISBN 9781788311649] https://revistes.uab.cat/karanos/article/view/v3-molina-4 Review of<strong> Christian Thrue Djurslev</strong><strong>, </strong><strong><em>Alexander the Great in the early Christian tradition: Classical Reception and Patristic Literature</em></strong><strong>, London</strong><strong>, </strong><strong>Bloomsbury, 2019</strong><strong>, </strong><strong>240 </strong><strong>pp [ISBN </strong><strong>9781788311649</strong><strong>]</strong><strong>.</strong> Ignacio Molina Copyright (c) 2020 Ignacio Molina https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2020-12-01 2020-12-01 3 187 188 Review: John Boardman, Alexander the Great: From his Death to the Present Day, Princeton, Princeton University Press, 2019, 171 pp [ISBN 9780691181752] https://revistes.uab.cat/karanos/article/view/v3-molina-5 Review of<strong> John Boardman</strong><strong>, </strong><strong><em>Alexander the Great: From his Death to the Present Day</em></strong><strong>, Princeton</strong><strong>, </strong><strong>Princeton University Press, 2019</strong><strong>, </strong><strong>171 </strong><strong>pp [ISBN </strong><strong>9780691181752</strong><strong>]</strong><strong>.</strong> Ignacio Molina Copyright (c) 2020 Ignacio Molina https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2020-12-01 2020-12-01 3 189 190 Review: Waldemar Heckel – Johannes Heinrichs – Sabine Müller – Frances Pownall (eds.), Lexicon of Argead Macedonia, Berlin, Frank&Timme, 2020, 538 pp [ISBN 978-3732904051] https://revistes.uab.cat/karanos/article/view/v3-antela-4 Review of<strong> Waldemar Heckel – Johannes Heinrichs – Sabine Müller – Frances Pownall (eds.)</strong><strong>, </strong><strong><em>Lexicon of Argead Macedonia</em></strong><strong>, Berlin</strong><strong>, </strong><strong>Frank&amp;Timme, 2020</strong><strong>, </strong><strong>538 </strong><strong>pp [ISBN 978-3732904051]</strong><strong>.</strong> Borja Antela Copyright (c) 2020 Borja Antela https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2020-12-01 2020-12-01 3 191 192 Philippe II et les dieux https://revistes.uab.cat/karanos/article/view/v3-le-bohec <p>Macedonian kings kept close bonds with the divine sphere. They considered themselves as Heraklids (and, in consequence, they traced back their lineage to Zeus himself) and the kingship kept noteworthy religious functions. Philip II made wide use of this religious side and it became a key element of his public image and propaganda, both inside and outside the kingdom of Macedonia. It was especially important the relation Philip established with Panhellenic shrines, like Delphi and Olympia, in close connection with his aspiration for hegemony all over Greece. Philip also regarded his coinage as useful political tools and the religious motives engraved are very telling about the king's claims and objectives.</p><p> </p><p>Originally published in <em>Ancient Macedonia / Archaia Makedonia VI (Papers Read at the Sixth International Symposium held in Thessaloniki </em>by the Institute of Balkan Studies (Greece): Le Bohec 2002a. Published in <em>Karanos</em> by kind permission of the author and the Institute for Balkan Studies.</p> Sylvie Le Bohec Copyright (c) 2020 Sylvie Le Bohec https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2020-12-01 2020-12-01 3 161 171 Becoming Macedonian: Name Mapping and Ethnic Identity. The Case of Hephaistion https://revistes.uab.cat/karanos/article/view/v3-reames <p>An epigraphical survey (with digital mapping component) of Greece and Magna Graecia reveals a pattern as to where Hephais-based names appear, up through the second century BCE. Spelled with an /eta/, these names are almost exclusively Attic-Ionian, while Haphēs-based names, spelled with an alpha, are Doric-Aeolian, and much fewer in number. There is virtually no overlap, except at the Panhellenic site of Delphi, and in a few colonies around the Black Sea.</p><p>Furthermore, cult for the god Hephaistos –long recognized as a non-Greek borrowing– was popular primarily in Attic-Ionian and “Pelasgian” regions, precisely the same areas where we find Hephais-root names. The only area where Haphēs-based names appear in any quantity, Boeotia, also had an important cult related to the god. Otherwise, Hephaistos was not a terribly important deity in Doric-Aeolian populations.</p><p>This epigraphic (and religious) record calls into question the assumed Macedonian ethnicity of the king’s best friend and alter-ego, Hephaistion. According to Tataki, Macedonian naming patterns followed distinctively non-Attic patterns, and cult for the god Hephaistos is absent in Macedonia (outside Samothrace). A recently published 4<sup>th</sup> century curse tablet from Pydna could, however, provide a clue as to why a Macedonian Companion had such a uniquely Attic-Ionian name.</p>If Hephaistion’s ancestry was not, in fact, ethnically Macedonian, this may offer us an interesting insight into fluidity of Macedonian identity under the monarchy, and thereby, to ancient conceptualizations of ethnicity more broadly. Jeanne Reames Copyright (c) 2020 Jeanne Reames https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2020-12-01 2020-12-01 3 11 37 Forever Young. The strange youth of the Macedonian Kings https://revistes.uab.cat/karanos/article/view/v3-molina Traditionally, the belief has been that the Hellenistic kings began to shave their beards following the example of Alexander the Great. This paper proposes a new vision of this idea, given that explains the shaven face of Alexander through the youngness of the Macedonian kings. In our opinion, the sovereigns of Macedonia were presented many times by their fathers or regents like eternal teenagers in order to remain in power for as long as possible. Thus, the only way for any member of the Argead dynasty to achieve complete autonomy and to be fully free was to be seated on the throne. The same happen during the lifetime of popular generals (Parmenion) or advisers (Aratus). The royal portrait created by the Diadochoi was a symbol of power through which they could govern, never was an imitation of a real one. However, this royal portrait was inspired by Macedonian models that presented the Argead prince as inexpert and weak when they were unbearded. Antonio Ignacio Molina Copyright (c) 2020 Antonio Ignacio Molina Marín https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2020-12-01 2020-12-01 3 39 57 Philia Networks in the Macedonian Court and the Long Accession of Alexander the Great https://revistes.uab.cat/karanos/article/view/v3-guthrie This paper revaluates key moments in the court politics of Alexander the Great’s reign through the introduction of <em>philia</em>-networks governed by gift-exchange as a template for explaining the relationships between key participants. This approach makes it clear that Alexander initially held a passive role in the political life of his own court and was dependant on others for his succession. These dynamics shifted in the opening years of the Asian expedition as Alexander sought to break these <em>philia</em>-networks, building his own and surrounding his person with <em>philoi</em> of his own choosing. Julius Guthrie Copyright (c) 2020 Julius Guthrie https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2020-12-01 2020-12-01 3 59 83 Cherchez la femme: Power and Female Agency in Bactriaat the dawn of the Hellenistic Age https://revistes.uab.cat/karanos/article/view/v3-ferrario Due prominently to the scanty nature of evidence on the ground attesting to an imperial presence which, however, historiographical sources claim to have been real and lasting over time, the satrapy of Bactria (roughly embracing northeastern Afghanistan, southern Uzbekistan and western Tajikistan) to this day still struggles to free itself of some prejudices, despite some extremely important discoveries and a more general scholarly reevaluation of previous conclusions. Possibly the most stubborn among these is the image of an ungovernable province, constantly on the brink of dynastic revolts (cf. Hdt. 9.113) or threatened by northern barbarians (against whom Cyrus found his end and whom Darius boasts of having subjected in the famous Bīsutūn inscription. With the recently published Aramaic Documents from Ancient Bactria, however, we have acquired an incredibly valuable source regarding the functioning of the satrapy at a crucial period in its history (the late 4th century BCE until the years immediately following Alexander). The present study is based primarily on the following: 1) this documentation, 2) the results of some recent and very significant studies on the Persepolis archive and 3) some methodological reflections on the relationship between empire and the local élite(s) suggested by the comparative analysis of the functioning of this relationship in a different phase of Central Asia’s imperial history (the 1930s). The study is intended, on the one hand, as a first step towards a new appreciation of the role Bactria and Sogdiana played in the delicate transitional phase from Achaemenid to Macedonian hegemony in the upper satrapies. On the other hand, it seeks to raise some hypotheses about the reasons behind the position held during the stormy years of Alexander’s Bactrian campaign and in the subsequent, no less troubled years by two protagonists of these crucial events, who are however still relatively unrecognized in their role as historical agents: the Bactrio-Sogdian princesses Roxane and Apama. Marco Ferrario Copyright (c) 2020 Marco Ferrario https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2020-12-01 2020-12-01 3 85 101 Terrible Olympias. Another Study in Method https://revistes.uab.cat/karanos/article/view/v3-antela-2 Olympias of Epirus is one of the main characters in the history of the emergency of Macedonia as an international power with Philip II and Alexander. Nevertheless, despite the many books, papers and studies that had been improving our knowledge about Argead Macedonia in times of the great Macedonian conquerors, the historians of the XIX<sup>th</sup> and XX<sup>th</sup> centuries treated Olympias in the same terms of the ancient sources. This uncritical perspective denotes a clear tendency and aims to reproduce gender stereotypes that comes to our own days. Borja Antela Copyright (c) 2020 Borja Antela-Bernárdez https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2020-12-01 2020-12-01 3 103 129 Graeco-Bactrian Historiography and Archaeology: A brief guide https://revistes.uab.cat/karanos/article/view/v3-mendoza <p><strong></strong>The Greco-Bactrian kingdom is probably the most unknown of the main Hellenistic realms by the public and a significant part of the academic community. The contributions to this field by Spanish-speaking researchers has been anecdotal in comparison with other historiographical traditions. This paper aims to be an initiation guide in Spanish with the objective to provide resources (with abundant bibliography) to any researcher who looks for a first approach to these studies. Since its beginnings as a numismatic office work (with the foundational work by T. S. Bayer) to the current multiplicity of archaeological projects, this article tries to show a complete view of the historical evolution of this discipline and how the geopolitical changes in Central Asia have influenced it.</p> Marc Mendoza Sanahuja Copyright (c) 2020 Marc Mendoza https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2020-12-01 2020-12-01 3 131 156 Elizabeth D. Carney https://revistes.uab.cat/karanos/article/view/v3-molina-2 <p>Elizabeth Donnelly Carney is one of the most renowned scholars on Ancient Macedonia. Carney’s research has contributed to open the studies about Ancient Macedonia to the scope of Gender Studies. Her influence in many modern interpretations concerning the complex relations of power and court network in Argead Macedonia also includes topics like mutiny, social performances (like royal banquets) and court groups (like the Royal Pages). Her scope is wide, and she usually focuses on concrete topics from multiple perspectives. Books like <em>Women and Monarchy in Ancient Macedonia</em>, or the recent <em>Eurydice and the Birth of Macedonian Power</em> (2019) (completing the works devoted to three generations of Macedonian Royal women with her <em>Olympias</em> (2006) and <em>Arsinoë of Egypt and Macedon: A Royal Life</em> (2013)) are now must-to works for world-wide researchers concerning Ancient Greece and Macedon. Among her many skills, the Editorial Board of <em>Karanos</em> wants to remark her kind proximity and her usual predisposition to comment and help, with her experience, to improve discussions, projects and papers with admirable knowledge.</p> Antonio Ignacio Molina Marín Deborah Molina Verdejo Copyright (c) 2020 Antonio Ignacio Molina Marín https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2020-12-01 2020-12-01 3 175 180