Alexander and the Ocean


  • Francisco Javier Gómez Espelosín


The aim of Alexander to come to the edges of the world and find the Ocean was a main feature with a key impact in Ancient Greek Geography.The travel to find the edges of the world is clearly linked with cultural perceptions of space that defined the geographical perspective of the campaign and its whole description.


Alexander the Great, Persian Monarchy, Ancient Geography, Ocean, Egdes of the world


BALCER, J. M. (1987): Herodotus and Bisutun, Problems in Ancient Persian Historiography, Stuttgart.

BIANCHETTI, S. (2009): “La ‘scoperta’ della Penisola Arabica nell’età di Alessandro Magno”, Geographia Antiqua 18: 153-163.

BOLCHERT, P. (1908): Aristoteles Erdkunde von Asien und Libyen, Berlin.

BOSWORTH, A. B. (1988): From Arrian to Alexander. Studies in Historical Interpretation, Oxford.

BOSWORTH, A. B. (1993): “Aristotle, India and the Alexander Historians”, Topoi 3.2: 407-424.

BOSWORTH, A. B. (1995): A Historical Commentary on Arrian’s History of Alexander. Vol II, Oxford.

BRIANT, P. (2010): Alexander the Great and His Empire. A Short Introduction, Princeton.

BURR, V. (1947): “Das geographische Weltbild Alexanders des Grossen”, Würzburger

Jahrbücher für die Altertumwissenschaft 2: 91-99.

EGGERMONT, P. H. L. (1993): Alexander’s Campaign in Southern Punjab, Louvain.

EHRENBERG, V. (1938): Alexander and the Greeks, Oxford.

GARDINER-GARDEN, J. R. (1987): Greek Conceptions of Inner Asian Geography and

Ethnography from Ephorus to Eratosthenes, Bloomington.

GÓMEZ ESPELOSÍN, F. J. (2016): “Del Hífasis a Opis. La percepción geográfica del imperio de Alejandro”, in F. J. GONZÁLEZ PONCE – F. J. GÓMEZ ESPELOSÍN – A. CHÁVEZ REINO (eds.): La letra y la carta: descripción verbal y representación gráfica en los diseños terrestres grecolatinos. Homenaje a Pietro Janni, Sevilla–Alcalá de Henares: 89-106.

GÓMEZ ESPELOSÍN, F. J. (2017): “Alejandro y el Océano”, in G. SANTANA HENRÍQUEZ – L. M. PINO CAMPOS (coord.): Paideia kai zhthsis: homenaje a Marcos Martínez, Madrid: 371-379.

HAMILTON, J. R. (1969): Plutarch: Alexander, Oxford.

HAUBEN, H. (1976): “The Expansion of Macedonian Sea-Power under Alexander the Great”, AncSoc 7: 79-105.

HECKEL, W. (2003): “Alexander the Greta and the Limits of the Civilised World”, in W. HECKEL – L. A. Tritle (eds.): Crossroads of History. The Age of Alexander, Claremont: 147-174.

HEIDEL, W. A. (1937): The Frame of the Ancient Greek Maps, New York.

HÖGEMANN, P. (1985): Alexander der Grosse und Arabien, München.

HOLT, F. L. (1982): “The Hyphasis ‘Mutiny’: A Sourde Study”, AW 5: 1-2, 33-59.

HOWE, T.; MÜLLER, S. (2003): “Mission Accomplished: Alexander at the Hyphasis”, AHB 26: 21-38.

JACOB, C. (1991): Géographie et ethnographie en Grèce ancienne, Paris.

JAEGER, W. (1983): Aristóteles, México.

MILTNER, F. (1952): “Der Okeanos in der persischen Weltreichidee”, Saeculum 3: 522-555.

PATINAUD, F. (2001): “L’Inde d’Aristote”, Tôzai 6: 73-101.

PÉDECH, P. (1980): “L’expédition d’Alexandre et la science grecque”, in Megas Alexandros. 2300 Chronia apo ton thanato tou, Thessaloniki: 135-156.

ROMM, J. (1992): The Edges of the Earth in Ancient Thought, Princeton.

ROMM, J. (2008): “Geography as Eschatology. Greek Alexander Lore and the Eastern Limits of India”, in G. PARKER – C. M. SINOPOLI (eds.): Ancient India in Its Wider World, Ann Arbor: 93-105.

SCHACHERMEYR, F. (1973): Alexander der Grosse. Das Problem seiner Persönlichkeit und Seines Wirkens, Wien.

SCHNEIDER, P. (2004): L‘Ethiopie et l‘Inde. Interférences et confusions aux extremités du monde Antique, Roma.

SPANN, P. O. (1999): “Alexander at the Beas. Fox in a Lion’s Skin”, in F. B. TITCHENER – R. F. MOORTON (eds.): The Eye Expanded. Life and the Arts in GrecoRoman Antiquity, Berkeley–Los Angeles: 62-74.

STASZAK, J. F. (1995): La géographie d’avant la géographie. Le climat chez Aristote et Hippocrate, Paris.

TADMOR, H. (1999): “World Dominion: The Expanding Horizon of the Assyrian Empire”, in L. MILANO et al. (eds.): Landscapes, Territories, Frontiers and Horizons in the Ancient Near East, Padova: 55-62.




Download data is not yet available.