The Last Tyrants of Athens

Borja Antela

Abstract

This paper deals with the complex situation that lived Athens at the first decades of the Ist Century BC. Between the good and advantageous relations with Rome, that led Athens to big benefits from the control of the Delian markets, and the hard sack of the city by the troops of Sulla in March 86, the city suffered an economical crisis that derived in political instability. The government of Athens finally was hold by some persons who acted like tyrants, in a moment when events and historical context (social conflict and economical crisis) seems to remember the situation that produced the historical phenomenon of the Greek Tyranny.

Keywords

Mithridatic Athens, Medeios of the Piraeus, Athenion, Aristion, Delian business, social conflict, economic crisis

Full Text:

PDF

References

ANTELA-BERNÁRDEZ, B. (2009a): “Entre Delos, Atenas, Roma y el Ponto: Medeios del Pireo”, Faventia 31: 49-60.

— (2009b): “Between Medeios and Mithridates: The Peripatetic constitution of Athens (Agora I 2351)”, ZPE 171: 105-108.

— (2009c): “Sila no vino a aprender historia antigua: el asedio de Atenas en 87/6 a. C.”, REA 111: 475-492.

— (2013): “Los vivos por los muertos. El sitio de Atenas y el Pireo por L. Cornelio Sila en 87/6”, in J. VIDAL – B. ANTELA-BERNÁRDEZ (eds.): El impacto de la guerra sobre la población civil en el mundo antiguo, Zaragoza: 77-105.

— (2015): “Athenion of Athens Revisited”, Klio 97: 59-80.

BADIAN, E. (1976): “Rome, Athens and Mithridates”, AJAH 1: 105-128.

BALLESTEROS PASTOR, L. (2005): “Atenión, Tirano de Atenas”, Studia histórica. Historia antigua 23: 385-400.

BASLEZ, M.-F. (1982): “Délos durant la première guerre de Mithridate”, in F. COARELLI et al.: Delo e l’Italia, Roma: 51-66.

BRINGMANN, K. (1997): “Posidonios and Athenion: A Study in Hellenistic Historiography”, in P. CARTLEDGE – P. GARNSEY – E. GRUEN (eds.): Hellenistic Constructs. Essays in Culture, History and Historiography, London: 145-158.

BUGH, G. R. (1992): “Athenion and Aristion”, Phoenix 46: 108-123.

BYRNE, S. (1995): “IG II2 1095 and the Delia of 98/97 BC”, ZPE 109: 55-61.

CARLIER, P. (1992): “Observations sur les nothoi”, in R. LONIS (ed.): L’Etranger dans le monde grec. Vol II, Nancy: 107-125.

DAVIES, J. K. (1971): Athenian Propertied Families 600-300 B.C., Oxford.

— (1973): “Review: P. Mackendrick, The Athenian Aristocracy 339 to 31 B.C.”, CR 23: 224-227.

DE CALLATAŸ, F. (1997): L’Histoire des Guerres Mithridatiques vue par les Monnaies, Louvain-la-Neuve.

DINSMOOR, W. B. (1931): The Archons of Athens in the Hellenistic World, Cambridge, Mass.

DOW, S. (1942): “A Leader of the Anti-Roman Party in Athens in 88 B.C.”, Classical Philology 37: 313-314.

DUNKLE, J. R. (1967): “The Greek Tyrant and Roman Political Invenctive of the Late Republic”, TAPhA 98: 151-171.

ESCRIBANO PAÑO, M. V. (1993): “El vituperio del tirano: historia de un modelo ideológico”, in E. FALQUE – F. GASCÓ (EDS.): Modelos ideales y prácticas de vida, Sevilla: 9-36.

FERGUSON, W. S. (1909): “Researches in Athenian and Delian Documents. III”, Klio 9: 314-323.

FERRARY, J.-L. (1988): Philhellénisme et Impérialisme. Aspects idéologiques de la conquête romaine du monde hellénistique, Roma.

— (1987-1989): “Les Romains de la République et les démocraties grecques”, Opus 6-8: 203-216.

GEAGAN, D. T. (1967): The Athenian Constitution after Sulla, Princeton.

— (1983): “Review: S. V. Tracy, IG II2 2336 Contributors of First Fruits of the Pythaïs”, Journal of Hellenic Studies 103: 205-206.

— (1997): “The Athenian Elite: Romanization, Resistance, and the Exercise of Power”, in M. C. HOFF – S. I. ROTROFF (eds.): The Romanization of Athens, Oxford: .19-32.

GLEW, D. (1977): “The Selling of the King: A note on Mithridates Eupator’s Propaganda in 88 B. C.”, Hermes 105: 253-256.

HAUVETTE-BESNAULT, A. (1879): “Prêtresses d'Athéné Poliade antérieures au premier siècle de notre ère”, BCH 3: 69-74.

HODOT, R. “Le vice, c’est les autres” in R. LONIS (ed.): L’Etranger dans le monde grec. Vol II, Nancy: 169-183.

HOFF, M. C. (1997): “Laceratae Athenae: Sulla's Siege of Athens in 87/6 B.C. and its Aftermath”, in M.C. HOFF - S.I. ROTROFF (eds.): The Romanization of Athens, Oxford: 33-51.

KARILA-COHEN, K. (2007): “La Pythaïde et la socialisation des élites athéniennes aux IIe et Ier siècles avant notre ère”, in J.-C. COUVENHES – S. MILANEZI (dir.): Individus, groupes et politiques à Athènes de Solon à Mithridate, Tours: 365-383.

KIDD, I. G. (2004): Posidonius: Volume 2. Commentary Part 1, Cambridge.

KIRCHNER, J. (1901-1903): Prosopographia Attica, Berlin.

LEWIS, S. (2009): Greek Tyranny, Exeter.

LORD, C. (1978): “Politics and Philosophy in Aristotle’s Politics”, Hermes 106: 336-357.

MAC DOWELL, D.M. (1976): “Bastard as Athenian Citizens”, CQ 26: 88-91.

MACKENDRICK, P. (1969): The Athenian Aristocracy 339 to 31 B.C., Cambridge, Mass.

MASTROCINQUE, A. (1999): Studi sulle guerre Mitridatiche, Stuttgart.

MATTINGLY, H. B. (1971): “Some Third Magistrates in the Athenian New Style Silver Coinage”, Journal of Hellenic Studies 91: 85-87.

MCGING, B. C. (1986): The Foreign Policy of Mithridates IV Eupator King of Pontus, Leiden.

MOMIGLIANO, A. (1971): Alien Wisdom, Cambridge.

MOSSÉ, C. La tyrannie dans la Grèce Antique, Paris.

NICOLET, C. (1980): “Les rogateurs de la loi”, in J.-C. DUMONT – J.-L. FERRARY – P. MOREAU – C. NICOLET (eds.): Insula Sacra. La loi gabinia-calpurnia de Délos (58 av. J.-C.), Rome: 45-61.

NIESE, B. (1887): “Die letzten Tyrannen Athens”, RhM 42: 574-581.

OLIVER, J. H. (1980): “A Peripatetic Constitution”, JHS 100: 199-201.

OLIVER, J. G. (2007): War, food and politics in early Hellenistic Athens, Oxford.

OSBORNE, M. T. (1984): “Review: S. V. Tracy, IG II2 2336 Contributors of First Fruits of the Pythaïs”, CR 34: 289-291.

PALAGIA, O. (1984): “A Nike for Kallimachos’ Lamp”, AJA 88: 515-521.

PARKER, R. (1983): Miasma. Pollution and Purification in Early Greek Religion, Oxford.

ROUSSEL, P. (1908): “Les Athéniens mentionnés dans les inscriptions de Délos”, BCH 3: 303-444.

— (1916): Délos, Colonie Atheniénne, Paris.

RHODES, P. J. (1978): “Bastard as Athenian Citizens” Classical Quarterly 28, 1978, 89-92;

— (1981): A Commentary on the Aristotelian Athenaion Politeia, Oxford.

RUBINSOHN, W. Z. (1993): “Mithridates IV Eupator Dionysos and Rome’s Conquest on the Hellenistic East”, Mediterranean Historical Review 8: 5-54.

SANTANGELO, F. (2007): Sulla, the Elites and the Empire. A Study of Roman Policies in Italy and the Greek East, Leiden-Boston.

SARIKAKIS, Chr. (1951): The Hoplite General in Athens, A prosopography, Diss. Princeton.

SCHILLER, A. K. (2006): “Multiple Gentile Affiliations and the Athenian Response to Roman Domination”, Historia 55: 264-284.

SMITH, R. R. (1993): “Kings and Philosophers”, in A. BULLOCH – E. S. GRUEN – A. A. LONG – A. STEWART (eds.): Images and Ideologies: Self-Definition in the Hellenistic World, Berkeley: 202-212.

TRACY, S. V. (1979): “Athens in 100”, HSCPh 83: 213-235.

— (1982): IG II2 2336 Contributors of First Fruits for the Pythaïs, Meisenheim am Glan.

— (1991): “TO MH DIS ARXEIN”, CPh 86: 202-204.

VERDEJO-MANCHADO, J. – ANTELA-BERNARDEZ, B. (2011): “A crown for Onaso and the Archon Athenion”, ZPE 177: 91-96

— (2013): “Medeios at the Gym”, Zeitschrift für Papyrologie und Epigraphik 186: 134-140.

WHEELER, E. L. (1991): “The General as Hoplite”, in V. D. Hanson, Hoplites. The Classical Greek Battle Experience, London: 121-170.

Article Metrics

Metrics Loading ...

Metrics powered by PLOS ALM
Copyright (c) 2019 Borja Antela