Le rôle de la conscience phonologique dans l’apprentissage de la lecture en français langue seconde par les enfants arabophones : comparaison entre lecteurs normaux et dyslexiques
This study examined the role of phonological awareness (PA) in reading in French (L2) in Arabic-speaking children. Two groups of typical readers (n = 42) and dyslexics (n = 30) participated in this study, and completed word and pseudo-words reading and PA tests in both L1 and L2. The results revealed statistically significant differences between typical readers and dyslexics in all measures of word and pseudo-word decoding and phonological awareness skills in L1 and L2. Significant correlation coefficients between the different measures were also obtained including all participants. These results indicate that PA in L1 is a noticeable factor of reading performance in French (L2) in Arabic-speaking children. The results are discussed in terms of a potential effect of phonological knowledge positive transfer from Arabic (L1) to learning to read in French (L2).
Keywordsreading in L1 and L2, phonological awareness, dyslexia, phonological transfer
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