On an undocumented type of predicate ellipsis in Spanish and its consequences for the theory of ellipsis licensing

Authors

  • Andrés Saab IIF-CONICET-SADAF and University of Buenos Aires
  • Laura Stigliano The University of Chicago

Abstract

In this paper, we introduce and discuss a type of ellipsis in Spanish, undocumented in the previous literature, which we will refer to as Predicate Phrase Ellipsis (PredP-Ellipsis), and its consequences for the theory of ellipsis licensing. PredP-Ellipsis is a type of ellipsis in which the complement of a copular verb undergoes deletion, whenever there is contrastive focus (typically encoded in Polarity) involved in the sentence. We provide an account for why this type of ellipsis is allowed in a language that lacks lower ellipses in the verbal domain (such as vP-Ellipsis), and implement our proposal by introducing an [E]-feature which is typically licensed when it enters into an Agree relation with a Polarity head higher in the structure.

Keywords

ellipsis, verbal ellipsis, PredP-ellipsis, focus, polarity, Spanish

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Published

15-12-2023

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