Doing Romance Linguistics: A Multilingual Acquisition Perspective


  • Silvina Montrul




Benmamoun, Elabbas, Albirini, Abdulkafi, Silvina Montrul, & Emman Saadah. 2014. Arabic plurals and root and pattern morphology in Palestinian and Egyptian heritage speakers. Linguistic Approaches to Bilingualism 4(1): 89-123.

Bruhn-Garavito, Joyce, & Silvina Montrul. 1996. Verb movement and clitic placement in French and Spanish as a second Language. In Andy Stringfellow, Dalia Cahana-Amitay, Elizabeth Hughes, & Andrea Zukowski (eds.), Proceedings of the 20th Annual Boston University Conference on Language Development, volume 1, 111-122. Somerville, MA: Cascadilla Press.

Cenoz, Jason. 2001.The effect of linguistic distance, L2 status and age on crosslinguistic influence in third language acquisition. In Jason Cenoz, Hufesein, Britta, & Ulrike Jessner (eds.), Crosslinguistic influence in third language acquisition: psycholinguistic perspectives, 8–20. Clevedon: Multilingual Matters.

Coşkun-Kunduz, Aylin, & Silvina Montrul. 2022. Sources of variability in the acquisition of Differential Object Marking by Turkish heritage language children in the United States. Bilingualism: Language and Cognition 25(4), 603-616. DOI:

Cuza, Alejandro, Miller, Lauren, Pérez Tattam, Rocío, & Mariluz Ortiz Vergara. 2019. Structure complexity effects in child heritage Spanish: The case of the Spanish personal a. International Journal of Bilingualism 23(6): 1333-1357.

Dale, Rick, & Gary Lupyan. 2012. Understanding the origins of morphological diversity: The linguistic niche hypothesis. Advances in complex systems, 15(03n04), 1150017.

Daskalaki, Evangelia, Chondrogianni, Vicki, & Elma Blom. 2021. Path and rate of development in child heritage speakers: Evidence from Greek subject/object form and placement. International Journal of Bilingualism. [online first]. DOI:

Gallardo, Martine, & Silvina Montrul. (in press). Typology vs. Structure in L3 Acquisition. In Suzanne Flynn, Megan Brown, & Eva Fernández-Berkes (eds.), L3 After the Initial State. Amsterdam: John Benjamins.

Kayne, Richard. 1991. Romance clitics, verb movement, and PRO. Linguistic Inquiry 22(4): 647-686.

Kim, Ji-Hye, Montrul, Silvina, & James Yoon. 2009. Binding interpretation of anaphors in Korean heritage speakers. Language Acquisition 16(1): 3-35.

Leung, Yang-Kit Ingrid. 2006. Full Transfer vs. partial transfer in L2 and L3 acquisition. In Slabakova, Roumyana, Silvina Montrul, & Philippe Prévost (eds.), Inquiries in Linguistic Development, 157–188. Amsterdam: John Benjamins.

Leung, Yang-Kit Ingrid. 2007. Third language acquisition: why it is interesting to generative linguists. Second Language Research 23: 97-114.

Lightfoot, David. 1991. How to set parameters: Arguments from language change. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.

Lupyan, Gary, & Rick Dale. 2010. Language structure is partly determined by social structure. PloS one 5(1): e8559.

Montrul, Silvina. 2022. Native Speakers, Interrupted. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.

Montrul, Silvina. 2004. The Acquisition of Spanish. Amsterdam: John Benjamins.

Montrul, Silvina. 2004b. Subject and object expression in Spanish heritage speakers: A case of morpho-syntactic convergence. Bilingualism: Language and Cognition 7(2): 125–142.

Montrul, Silvina. 2001a. The acquisition of causative and inchoative verbs in L2 Turkish. Language Acquisition 9: 1-58.

Montrul, Silvina. 2001b. L1-constrained variability in the L2 acquisition of argument structure changing morphology with causative verbs. Second Language Research 17(2): 144-194.

Montrul, Silvina. 2001c. Agentive verbs of manner of motion in Spanish and English. Studies in Second Language Acquisition 23(2): 171-207.

Montrul, Silvina. 2001. Causatives and transitivity in L2 English. Language Learning 51(1): 51-106.

Montrul, Silvina. 2000. Transitivity alternations in second language acquisition: Toward a modular view of transfer. Studies in Second Language Acquisition 22(2): 229-274.

Montrul, Silvina. 1999. Activating AgrIOP in second language acquisition. In Elaine Klein & Gita Martohardjono (eds.), The Development of Second Language Grammars. A Generative Approach, 85-111. Philadelphia: John Benjamins.

Montrul, Silvina. 1997. On the parallels between diachronic change and interlanguage grammars: the L2 acquisition of the Spanish dative case system. Spanish Applied Linguistics 1: 87-113.

Montrul, Silvina, & Melissa Bowles. 2009. Back to basics: Differential Object Marking under incomplete acquisition in Spanish heritage speakers. Bilingualism: Language and Cognition, 12(3): 363–383.

Montrul, Silvina, & Tania Ionin. 2010. Transfer effects in the interpretation of definite articles by Spanish heritage speakers. Bilingualism: Language and Cognition 13 (4): 449-473.

Montrul, Silvina, & Tania Ionin. 2012. Dominant language transfer in Spanish heritage speakers and L2 learners in the interpretation of definite articles. The Modern Language Journal 96(1): 70-94.

Montrul, Silvina, & Sílvia Perpiñán. 2011. Assessing differences and similarities between instructed L2 learners and heritage language learners in their knowledge of Spanish Tense-Aspect and Mood (TAM) Morphology. The Heritage Language Journal 8(1): 90-133.

Montrul, Silvina, & Roumyana Slabakova. 2003. Competence similarities between native and near-native speakers: An investigation of the preterite/imperfect contrast in Spanish. Studies in Second Language Acquisition 25(3): 351-398.

Montrul, Silvina, Bhatt, Rakesh, & Archna Bhatia. 2012. Erosion of case and agreement in Hindi heritage Speakers. Linguistic Approaches to Bilingualism 2, 141-176.

Montrul, Silvina, Dias, Rejane, & Hélade Santos. 2009. On some null subject parameter-related properties in the L3 acquisition of Brazilian Portuguese. Revista Estudos da Língua(gem) 7(2): 163-198.

Montrul, Silvina, Dias, Rejane, & Hélade Santos. 2011. Clitics and object expression in the L3 acquisition of Brazilian Portuguese. Structural similarity matters for transfer. Second Language Research 27, 1, 21-58.

Montrul, Silvina, Foote, Rebecca, & Sílvia Perpiñán. 2008. Gender agreement in adult second language learners and Spanish heritage speakers: The effects of age and context of acquisition. Language Learning 58, 3, 503–553.

Rizzi, Luigi. 2004. On the cartography of syntactic structures. In Luigi Rizzi (ed.) The Structure of CP and IP: The Cartography of Syntactic Structures, Volume 2, 3-15. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

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Schwartz, Bonnie, & Rex Sprouse. 2021. The Full Transfer/Full Access Model and L3 Cognitive States. Linguistic Approaches to Bilingualism 11(1): 1–29.

Sportiche, Dominique. 1996. Clitic constructions. In Johann Rooryck, & Laurie Zaring (eds.), Phrase structure and the lexicon, 213-276. Dordrecht: Springer.

Westergaard, Marit. 2021. Microvariation in multilingual situations: The importance of property-by-property acquisition. Second Language Research 37(3), 379-407.




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