La categoria de la relació en la filosofia araboislàmica

Autors/ores

  • Hans Daiber Goethe-Universität Frankfurt/M.

Resum

Les principals fonts de discussió sobre la categoria de la «relació» foren les Categories i la Metafísica d’Aristòtil. Abans de ser traduïdes a l’àrab durant els segles VIII i IX, els teòlegs cristians i els seus seguidors siris consideraren que les obres d’Aristòtil constituïen un instrument útil en les discussions cristològiques. Aquest article analitza la categoria de la relació i el seu desenvolupament en la filosofia araboislàmica en autors com Kindī i el seu deixeble Aḥmad Ibn aṭ-Ṭayyib as-Saraḫsī, Fārābī, Ibn Sīnā, Ghazālī, Ibn Rušd i el sufí Ibn ʿArabī, entre d’altres.

Paraules clau

relació com a principi dinàmic, Aristòtil, comentaris alexandrins, Stoa, neoplatonisme, autors araboislàmics, Epístoles dels Germans de la Puresa, Ramon Llull

Referències

ADAMSON, Peter and KEY, Alexander (2015). “Philosophy of Language in the Medieval Tradition”. In: Margaret CAMERON and Robert J. STAINTON (eds.). Linguistic Content. New Essays on the History of Philosophy of Language. Oxford: University Press, 74-99.

ARISTOTLE (1980). Categories. Arabic translation by Isḥaq Ibn Ḥunayn, ed. ʿAbdarraḥmān Badawī. Manṭiq Arisṭū I, Kuweit: Wakālat al-Maṭbūʿāt (Dirāsāt islāmiyya 7), 21-76.

AYDIN, Sami (2016). Sergius of Reshaina, Introduction to Aristotle and His Categories, Addressed to Philotheos. Syriac Text, with Introduction, Translation and Commentary. Leiden-Boston: Brill (ASL 24).

BAFFIONI, Carmela (2010). Epistles of the Brethren of Purity, on Logic. An Arabic Critical Edition and English Translation. Foreword by Nader El-Bizri. Oxford: University Press, in association with The Institute of Ismaili Studies.

DAIBER, Hans (2001). “Die Aristotelesrezeption in der syrischen Literatur”. In: Dieter KUHN and Helga STAHL (eds.). Die Gegenwart des Altertums. Heidelberg: Edition forum, 327-345.

DIEBLER, Stéphane (2005). “Catégories, conversation et philosophie chez Al-Fārābī”. In: Otto BRUNN and Lorenzo COTI (eds.). Les Catégories et leur histoire. Colloque International: Les Catégories entre l’Antiquité et le Moyen Âge. Paris: Vrin, 275-305.

DUNLOP, Douglas M. (1957/1959). “Al-Fārābī’s Paraphrase of the Categories of Aristotle”. Islamic Quarterly 4/3, 1957, 168-197; 5/1-2, 1959, 21-53. Arabic text also RAFĪQ AL-ʿAǦAM (ed.) (1985). Al-Manṭiq ʿind al-Fārābī. Beirut: Dār al-Mašriq, 89-131; and DĀNIŠPAŽŪH, Muḥammad Taqī (ed.) (1987). Al-Manṭiqiyāt li-l-Fārābī I. Qum: Maktabat Āyatallāh al-ʿuẓmā al-Marʿašī, 1408 h.š, 41-82.

EICHNER, Heidrun (2013). “The Categories in Avicenna: Material for developing developmental account?”. In: Aristotle’s Categories in the Byzantine, Arabic and Latin Tradition. Copenhagen: The Royal Danish Academy of Sciences and Letters, 59-86.

FĀRĀBĪ (1970). Kitāb al-Ḥurūf. In: Alfarabi’s Book of Letters (Kitāb Al-Ḥurūf). Commentary on Aristotle’s Metaphysics, Muhsin Mahdi (ed.). Beirut: Dar El-Mashreq Publisher (2nd ed.).

FERRARI, Cleophea (2006). Der Kategorienkommentar von Abū l-Faraǧ ʿAbdallāh Ibn aṭ-Ṭayyib. Text und Untersuchungen. Leiden-Boston: Brill (ASL 19).

FIDORA, Alexander (2007). “From ‘Manifying’ to Pegasizing: Ramon Llull’s Theory of Definition Between Arabic and Modern Logic”. Mirabilia, 7, 72-86.

GHAZĀLĪ (2000) Tahāfut al-falāsifa, Michael E. Marmura (ed./transl.), Al-Ghazālī, The Incoherence of the Philosophers. Provo, Utah: Brigham Young University Press.

GÓMEZ NOGALES, Salvador (1976). “La categoría de la relación en la antropología de Averroes”. In: F. BOSSIER, F. DE WACHTER, etc. (eds.). Images of Man in Ancient and Medieval Thought (Studia Gerardo Verbeke ab amicis et collegis dicata). Leuven: University Press, 287-310 (Symbolae Facultatis Litterarum et Philosophiae Lovaniensis. Series A, vol. 1).

GRIL, Denis (2005). “Ibn ʿArabī et les catégories”. In: Logik und Theologie. Das Organon im arabischen und im lateinischen Mittelalter (Studien und Texte zur Geistesgeschichte des Mittelalters 84), D. Perler and U. Rudolph (eds.). Leiden-Boston: Brill, 147-165.

IBN AL-MUQAFFAʿ (1978). Kitāb Qaṭūġūriyūs, Muḥammad Taqī Dānišpazūh (ed.), al-Manṭiq li-Ibn al-Muqaffaʿ (followed by): Ḥudūd al-manṭiq li-Ibn al-Bihrīz. Teheran (Intišārāt-i Anǧuman-i Šāhanšāhī-i Falsafa-i Īrfān 44).

IBN ʿARABĪ (1968). al-Futūḥāt al-makkiyya, vols. I-IV. A reprint of an undated reedition of the first Būlāq print, Beirut: Dār Ṣādir.

IBN RUŠD (1987). Tahāfut at-Tahāfut, Maurice Bouyges (ed.). Beyrouth: Dar el-Machreq (2nd ed). English translation by Simon van den Bergh (1969). Averroes’ Tahafut Al-Tahafut (The Incoherence of the Incoherence). London: Luzac (repr.).

— (1958). Talḫīṣ mā baʿd aṭ-ṭabīʿa, ʿUṯmān Amīn (ed.). Cairo: Muṣṭafā al-Bābī al-Ḥalabī. English translation by Rüdiger Arnzen (2010). Averroes On Aristotle’s “Metaphysics”. Berlin: De Gruyter.

IBN SABʿĪN (1978). Budd al-ʿārif, Ǧūrǧ Kattūra (ed.). Beirut: Dār al-Andalus-Dār al-Kindī.

IBN SĪNĀ (2005). aš-Šifā’, al-Ilāhiyāt. In: Michael E. MARMURA (ed./trans.). Avicenna – The Metaphysics of The Healing. Provo, Utah: Brigham Young University Press.

— (1959). aš-Šifā’, al-Manṭiq, II: al-maqūlāt, G. Anawati, M. M. El-Khodeiri, A. F. El-Ehwani and S. Zayed (eds.). Cairo: Wizārat aṯ-Ṯaqāfa.

JOHNSTON, Mark D. (1987). The Spiritual Logic of Ramon Llull. Oxford: Clarendon Press.

KALBARCZYK, Alexander (2012). “The Kitāb al-Maqūlāt of the Muḫtaṣar al-awsaṭ fī l-manṭiq: A Hitherto Unknown Source for Studying Ibn Sīnā’s Reception of Aristotle’s Categories”. Oriens, 40, 305-354. https://doi.org/10.1163/18778372-00402006

KINDĪ (1978). Risāla fī kammiyyat kutub Arisṭūṭālīs wa-mā yuḥtāǧu ilayhi fī taḥṣīl al-falsafa. In: Abū RĪDA (ed.). Rasā’il al-Kindī al-falsafiyya I (2nd pr.). Cairo: Maktabat al-iʿtimād bi-Miṣr, 363-384. English translation in Peter Adamson and Peter E. Pormann (2012). The Philosophical Works of Al-Kindī. Oxford: University Press, 281-296.

LAMEER, Joep (2013). “Ibn Ḥazm’s Logical Pedigree”. In: C. ADANG, M. FIERRO and S. SCHMIDTKE (eds.). Ibn Ḥazm of Cordoba. The Life and Works of a Controversial Thinker (Handbook of Oriental Studies I, 103). Leiden-Boston: Brill, 417-428.

LIZZINI, Olga (2013). “Causality as Relation: Avicenna (and al-Ghazālī)”. Quaestio: annuario di storia della metafisica, 13, 165-196. https://doi.org/10.1484/J.QUAESTIO.1.103588

LLULL, Ramon (1985). Logica Nova. In: Charles LOHR (ed.). Raimundus Lullus, Die neue Logik – Logica nova, translated by Vittorio Hösle and Walburga Büchel (Philosophische Bibliothek 379). Hamburg: Felix Meiner Verlag.

LÖBL, Rudolf (1986). Die Relation in der Philosophie der Stoiker (Elementa 37). Amsterdam: Rodopi.

NOMANUL HAQ, Syed (1994). Names, Natures and Things. The Alchemist Jābir ibn Ḥayyān and his Kitāb al-Aḥjār (Book of Stones). Dordrecht-Boston-London: Kluwer. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-011-1898-9

PLATZECK, E.W. (1963). “Raimundus Lulls allgemeiner Relationsbegriff unter besonderer Berücksichtigung der aristotelischen Auffassung”. Miscellanea mediaevalia, 2, 572-581.

— (1964-1965). “Der Platonismus bei Raimund Lull (1232-1316)”. Philosophisches Jahrbuch, 72, 66-83.

RAMÓN GUERRERO, Rafael (2013). “Aristotle and Ibn Ḥazm. On the Logic of the Taqrīb”. In: C. ADANG, M. FIERRO and S. SCHMIDTKE (eds.). Ibn Ḥazm of Cordoba. The Life and Works of a Controversial Thinker (Handbook of Oriental Studies I, 103). Leiden-Boston: Brill, 403-416.

TESKE, Roland J. (1993). “William of Auvergne’s Use of Avicenna’s Principle Ex Uno, Secundum Quod Unum, Non Nisi Unum”. Modern Schoolman, 71, 1-15. https://doi.org/10.5840/schoolman19937111

Publicades

01-10-2018

Descàrregues

Les dades de descàrrega encara no estan disponibles.