Una definición universal de 'Domesticación' para desencadenar el progreso mundial del bienestar animal

Autores/as

  • Margot Simone Marcelle Décory

Resumen

Este artículo propone establecer una definición universal del fenómeno de la domesticación. En este fenómeno se incluyen, entre otras, las definiciones de animales domesticados, domesticados o salvajes. La mayoría de nosotros intuitivamente pensamos que los animales salvajes y domesticados son fáciles de diferenciar. Pero cuando se trata de dar criterios medibles para discriminar con precisión a las especies, hoy no hay consenso ni herramienta disponible. Se ha convertido en una brecha considerable considerando que en la actualidad, los desafíos relacionados con los animales requieren soluciones internacionales o globales que solo se pueden implementar a través de colaboraciones en todos los ámbitos y en todas las escalas. Sin embargo, sin definiciones precisas y comunes, esas colaboraciones son imposibles. En esta investigación, se consideran la etimología y las definiciones del fenómeno de la domesticación, seguidas de su evolución en la literatura. Luego se examinan las listas existentes de especies domesticadas. Finalmente, el uso del concepto de este fenómeno se analiza en leyes a diferentes escalas y a través de organizaciones internacionales, destacando discrepancias importantes o incluso contradicciones. El resultado de esta investigación es la constatación de que adoptar una definición universal del fenómeno de la Domesticación es absolutamente primordial para avanzar en todos los asuntos relacionados con los animales. Estas observaciones y fuentes se analizan para construir la parte final de este artículo: una propuesta, con el objetivo de dar un ejemplo de cómo podría ser la solución. 

Palabras clave

Propuesta de Definiciones Universales, Ciencia de la evolución, Fenómeno de la domesticación.

Citas

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Biografía del autor/a

Margot Simone Marcelle Décory

MSc Animal Law and Society, University of Barcelona, Spain (2016). MSc European Animal Management, University of Wageningen, the Netherlands (2012).

Publicado

22-03-2019

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