The analysis of truncated vocatives in Taviano (Salentino) Italian

Michael Kenstowicz

Abstract

This paper documents and discusses various descriptive generalizations and alternative analyses of the vocative truncation found in the Southern Italian dialect of Taviano that is illustrated by such formations as Filoména > Filomé. We show that the upper limit on the size of the truncate is not restricted by foot binarity nor by internally layered feet: Addoloráta > Addolorá. The lower limit of the truncate may extend to a single CV syllable in violation of foot binarity: Césare > . But truncation to just the stressed vowel is rejected: Élena > *É. We situate the analysis of the vocative truncation within the overall grammar of Salentino and show that while some properties such as the loss of coda consonants can be attributed to rankings imposed by the surrounding grammar, others are peculiar to this construction. The analysis of stress in loanword adaptation figures prominently in our discussion. The final sections examine some of the morphological and syntactic properties of the Taviano vocative.

Keywords

vocative; truncation; loanword adaptation; stress

Full Text:

PDF

References

Alber, Birgit. 2010. An exploration of truncation in Italian. Rutgers Working Papers in Linguistics 3: 1-30.

Alber, Birgit & Arndt-Lappe, Sabine. 2012. Templatic and subtractive truncation. In Trommer, Jochen (ed.). The Morphology and Phonology of Exponence, 289-325. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Bafile, Laura. 2003. Le consonanti finali nel fiorentino e nel napoletano. Rivista Italiana di Dialettologia 27: 149-178.

Burani, Cristina, Paizi, Despina & Sulpizio, Simone. 2014. Stress assignment in reading Italian: friendship outweighs dominance. Memory & Cognition 42: 662-675.

Boyd-Bowman, Peter. 1955. Cómo obra la fonética infantile en la formación de los hipocorísticos. Nueva Revista de Filología Hispánica 9: 337-366.

Cabré, Teresa & Kenstowicz, Michael. 1995. Prosodic trapping in Catalan. Linguistic Inquiry 26: 694-705.

Cabré, Teresa & Vanrell, Maria del Mar. 2011. Accent i entonació en els vocatius de l’alguerès. In La toponomàstica de les illes del Mediterrani occidental (XXXV Col·loqui de la Societat d’Onomàstica l’Alguer, maig del 2008), València-l’Alguer: Editorial Denes, S.L., 331-341.

Cabré, Teresa & Vanrell, Maria del Mar. 2016. Truncation in Sardinian: prosodic vs. intonational templates. Unpublished ms.

Cabré, Teresa; Torres-Tamarit, Francesc & Vanrell, Maria del Mar. 2019. Truncation in Sardinian. Unpublished ms.

Calabrese, Andrea. 1984. Metaphony in Salentino. Rivista di Grammatica Generativa 9-10: 1-140.

Chierchia, Gennaro. 1986. Length, syllabification, and the phonological cycle in Italian. Journal of Italian Linguistics 8: 5-33.

Cutler, Anne. 2012. Native Listening: Language Experience and the Recognition of Spoken Words. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.

D’Alessandro, Roberta & van Oostendorp, Marc. 2016. When imperfections are perfect: prosody, phi-features and deixis in Central and Southern Italian vocatives. In Carrilho, Erenestina, Fieis, Alexandra, Lobo, Maria & Pereira, Sandra. Romance Languages and Linguistic Theory 10: Selected Papers from ‘Going Romance’ 28 Lisbon, 61-82. Amsterdam & Philadelphia: John Benjamins.

Davis, Stuart. 1988. Syllable onsets as a factor in stress rules. Phonology 5: 1-19.

Göksel, Aslı & Pochträger, Markus. 2016. The vocative and its kin: marking function through prosody. In Sonnenhauser, Barbara & Hannah, Aziz (eds.). Vocative! Addressing between System and Performance, 87-107. Berlin: De Gruyter Mouton.

Felíu, Elena. 2001. Output constraints on two Spanish word-creation processes. Linguistics 39(5): 871-891.

Halpert, Claire. 2012. Argument Licensing and Agreement in Zulu. Ph.D. dissertation. Cambridge (MA): Massachusetts Institute of Technology.

Hill, Virginia. 2014. Vocatives: How Syntax Meets with Pragmatics. Leiden: Brill.

Ito, Junko. 1990. Prosodic minimality in Japanese. Chicago Linguistic Society 26(2): 213-239.

Ito, Junko, Kubozono, Haruo & Mester, Armin. To appear. A prosodic account of consonant gemination in Japanese loanwords. In Kubozono, Haruo (ed.). The Phonetics and Phonology of Geminate Consonants. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Janson, Tore. 2016. Vocative and the grammar of calls. In Sonnenhauser, Barbara & Hannah, Aziz (eds.). Vocative! Addressing between System and Performance, 219-234. Berlin: De Gruyter Mouton.

Jeong, Sunwoo. 2018. Intonation and sentence type conventions: two types of rising declaratives. To appear in Journal of Semantics.

Kenstowicz, Michael. 2005. The phonetics and phonology of Korean loanword adaptation. In S-J. Rhee (ed.). Proceedings of the First European Conference on Korean Linguistics, 17-32. Seoul: Hankook Publishing Co.

Kurisu, Kazutaka. 2001. The Phonology of Morpheme Realization. Ph.D. dissertation, University of Californa Santa Cruz.

Kiparsky, Paul. 1984. On the lexical phonology of Icelandic. In Elert, Claes-Christian, Johansson, Irene & Strangert, Eva (eds.). Nordic Prosody III, 135-164. University of Umea.

Kuen, Heinrich. 1932. El dialecto de Alguer y su posición en la historia de la lengua catalana. Anuari de l’Oficina Romànica de Lingüistica i Literatura V: 121-177.

Maiden, Martin. 2006. On Romanian imperatives. Philologica Jassyensia, An II, Nr. 1: 47-59.

McCarthy, John & Prince, Alan. 1986. Prosodic Morphology. Ms. University of Massachusetts, Amherst and Brandeis University, Waltham, Mass. [Annotated version 1996, issued as Technical Report no. 32, Rutgers Center for Cognitive Science.]

Marlett, Stephen. 2008. The form and use of names in Seri. International Journal of American Linguistics 74: 47-82.

Martinez-Paricio, Violeta & Torres-Tamarit, Francesc. To appear. Trisyllabic hypocoristics in Spanish and layered feet. Natural Language & Linguistic Theory.

Miyaoka, Osahito. 2012. A Grammar of Central Alaskan Yupik. Berlin: De Gruyter Mouton.

Moro, Andrea. 2003. Notes on vocative case: a case study in clause structure. In Quer, Josep & Schroten, Jan (eds.). Romance Languages and Linguistic Theory 2001, 247-261. Amsterdam: John Benjamins.

Oresnik, Janez. 1972. On the epenthesis rule in Modern Icelandic. Arkiv for Nordisk Filologi 87: 1-32.

Parrott, Lillian. 2010. Vocatives and other direct address forms: a contrastive study. In Grønn, A. & Marijanovic, I. (eds.). Russian in Contrast, Oslo Studies in Language 2(1): 211-229.

Passino, Diana. 2008. Aspects of Consonantal Lengthening in Italian: A Case Study of Gemination of Word-final Consonants in the Adaptation of Loanwords. HALCCSD. Revised version of University of Padua Ph.D. dissertation, 2005.

Piñeros, Carlos Eduardo. 2000. Prosodic and segmental unmarkedness in Spanish truncation. Linguistics 38: 63-98.

Prieto, Pilar. 1992. Truncation processes in Spanish. Studies in the Linguistic Sciences 22(1): 143-158.

Repetti, Lori. 1993. The integration of foreign loans in the phonology of Italian. Italica 70(2): 182-196.

Repetti, Lori. 2012. Consonant-final loanwords and epenthetic vowels in Italian. Catalan Journal of Linguistics 11: 167-188.

Rohlfs, Gerhard (1966-1969). Grammatica Storica della Lingua Italiana e dei Suoi Dialetti. 3 vols. Turin: Einaudi.

Shinohara, Shigeko. 1997. Analyse phonologique de l’adaptation japonaise de mots étrangers. Ph.D. dissertation. University of Sorbonne-Nouvelle Paris III.

Stanton, Juliet & Sam Zukoff. 2018. Prosodic identity in copy epenthesis: evidence for a correspondence-based approach. Natural Language & Linguistic Theory 36(2): 637-684.

Stavrou, Melita. 2009. Vocative! Ms. Aristotle University of Thessaloniki.

Thornton, Anna. 1996. On some phenomena of prosodic morphology in Italian: accorciamenti, hypocoristics and prosodic delimitation. Probus 8: 81-112.

Vanrell, Maria del Mar & Cabré, Teresa. 2011. Troncamento e intonazione dei vocativi in Italia centromeridionale. In Gili-Fivela, B., Stella, A., Garappa, L., & Grimaldi, M. (eds.). Contesto comunicativo e variabilità nella produzione e percezione della lingua: Atti del 7º convegno AISV. Roma: Bulzoni.

Yardoff, Michael. 1996. Modern Russian vocatives: a case of subtractive morphology. Journal of Slavic Linguistics 4(1): 133-153.

Article Metrics

Metrics Loading ...

Metrics powered by PLOS ALM
Copyright (c) 2019 Michael Kenstowicz