On perfect(ive) morphology above and below modals. The H-ident hypothesis

Authors

  • Ángeles Carrasco Gutiérrez Universidad de Castilla-La Mancha

Abstract

The purpose of this paper is to demonstrate that temporal-aspectual morphology can only be interpretable regarding root modals. It is not interpretable with epistemic modals. We will defend that this difference has its origin in the non-eventive nature of the latter.  This proposal will take us, on the one hand, to support the hypothesis of the identity of haber (‘have’), i.e., the semantic equivalence between examples in which the main predicate of the periphrastic structure (<modalEpistemic + have:INF – V:PST.PTCP>) and the epistemic modal (<have - modalEpistemic. PST.PTCP + V:INF>) are construed with the auxiliary verb haber. On the other hand, we will maintain that epistemic modals are integrated into monoclausal structures. Conversely, the structures into which root modals are integrated would be biclausal.

Keywords

modal auxiliaries, syntactic scope, tense, grammatical aspect

References

Barbiers, Sjef. 1995. The syntax of interpretation. Ph.D. Dissertation. HIL, Amsterdam.

Bertinetto, Pier Marco. 1997. Il dominio tempo-aspettuale. Demarcazioni, intersezioni, contrasti. Torino: Rosenberg & Sellier.

Bhatt, Rajesh. 1999. Covert modality in non-finite context. Ph.D. Dissertation. University of Pennsylvania.

Boogaart, Ronny. 2007. The past and perfect of epistemic modals. In Saussure, Louis de, Moeschler, Jacques & Puskás, Genoveva (eds.). Recent Advances in the Syntax and Semantics of Tense, Aspect and Modality, 47-69. Berlin: Mouton De Gruyter. https://doi.org/10.1515/9783110198768.47

Borgonovo, Claudia. 2011. Modales ambiguos. Revue Romane 46(2): 202-221. https://doi.org/10.1075/rro.46.2.02 bor

Borgonovo, Claudia & Cummins, Sarah. 2007. Tensed modals. In Fernández Soriano, Olga & Eguren, Luis (eds.). Coreference, Modality and Focus, 1-18. Amsterdam: John Benjamins. https://doi.org/10.1075/la.111.02bor

Bosque, Ignacio. 2000. ¿Qué sabe el que sabe hacer algo? Saber entre los verbos modales. In García Murga, Fernando & Korta Carrión, Kepa (eds.). Palabras, Víctor Sánchez de Zabala in memoriam, 303-323. Vitoria: University of the Basque Country.

Bravo, Ana. 2015. Auxiliaridad, estatividad y aspecto progresivo. In Hernández Sánchez, Eulalia & López Martínez, M.ª Isabel (eds.). Sodalicia Dona: homenaje a Ricardo Escavy Zamora, 45-69. Murcia: Editum.

Bravo, Ana. 2016. Verbos modales. In Gutiérrez-Rexach, Javier (ed.). Enciclopedia de Lingüística Hispánica, vol. 2, 163-173. London: Routledge.

Bravo, Ana. 2017. Modalidad y verbos modales. Madrid: Arco Libros.

Bravo, Ana, García Fernández, Luis & Krivochen, Diego Gabriel. 2015. On Auxiliary Chains. Auxiliaries at the Syntax-Semantics Interface. Borealis. An International Journal of Hispanic Linguistics 4(2): 71-101. https://doi.org/10.7557/1.4.2.3612

Brennan, Virginia Mary. 1993. Root and epistemic modal auxiliary verbs. Ph.D. Dissertation. University of Amherst, Mass.

Butler, Jonny. 2003. A minimalist treatment of modality. Lingua 113: 967-996. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0024-3841(02)00146-8

Bybee, Joan, Perkins, Revere & Pagliuca, William. 1994. The evolution of grammar. Tense, Aspect and Modality in the languages of the world. Chicago: The University of Chicago Press.

Carrasco Gutiérrez, Ángeles. 1998. La correlación de tiempos en español. Ph.D. Dissertation. Complutense University, Madrid.

Carrasco Gutiérrez, Ángeles. 2015. Perfect states. Borealis. An international journal of Hispanic linguistic 4(1): 1-30. https://doi.org/10.7557/1.4.1.3354

Cinque, Guglielmo. 1999. Adverbs and functional heads. A cross-linguistic perspective. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Condoravdi, Cleo. 2002. Temporal interpretation of modals. Modals for the present and for the past. In Beaver, David I., Casillas Martínez, Luis D., Clark, Brady Z. & Kaufmann, Stefan (eds.). The construction of meaning, 59-88. Stanford, CA, CSLI Publications.

Corver, Norbert & van Riemsdijk, Henk. 2001. Semi-lexical categories. The function of content words and the content of function words. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter.

Demirdache, Hamida & Uribe-Etxebarria, Myriam. 2008a. Morfosintaxis e interpretación temporal de los verbos modales. In Carrasco Gutiérrez, Ángeles (ed.). Tiempos compuestos y formas verbales complejas, 433-497. Frankfurt/Madrid: Vervuert/Iberoamericana.

Demirdache, Hamida & Uribe-Etxebarria, Myriam. 2008b. Scope and anaphora with time arguments: The case of ‘perfect modals’. Lingua 118: 1790-1815. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.lingua.2007.08.013

Dik, Simon C. 1989. The theory of Functional Grammar. Part 1: The structure of the clause. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter, 1997, second edition.

Eide, Kristin Melum. 2002. Norwegian modals. Ph.D. Dissertation. Norwegian University of Science and Technology.

Eide, Kristin Melum. 2003. Modals and tense. In Weisgerber, Matthias (ed.). Proceedings of the Conference sub7-Sinn und Bedeutung, 120-135. University of Konstanz, Germany.

Eide, Kristin Melum. 2011. Modals in the present perfect. In Mortelmans, Tanjia, Mortelmans, Jesse & De Mulder, Walter (eds.). In the mood for mood (Cahiers Chronos 23), 1-20. Amsterdam: Rodopi.

Enç, Mürvet. 1987. Anchoring conditions for tense. Linguistics Inquiry 18(4): 633-657.

Fleischman, Suzanne. 1982. The future in thought and language: diachronic evidence from Romance. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

García Fernández, Luis. 2008. Pretérito pluscuamperfecto y pretérito anterior. In Carrasco Gutiérrez, Ángeles (ed.). Tiempos compuestos y formas verbales complejas, 359-400. Frankfurt/Madrid: Vervuert/Iberoamericana.

Grimshaw, Jane. 1991. Exended projection. Unpublished manuscript. University of Brandeis, Waltham, Mass. [Also in Grimshaw, Jane. 2005. Words and Structure, chapter 1. Stanford: CSLI]

Guéron, Jacqueline. 2015. On the syntax of modality and the Actuality Entailment. In Guéron, Jacqueline (ed.). Sentence and discourse, 120-139. Oxford: Oxford University Press. https://doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198739418.003.0006

Hacquard, Valentine. 2006. Aspects of Modality. Ph.D. Dissertation. Massachusetts Institute of Technology.

Hacquard, Valentine. 2009. On the interaction of aspect and modal auxiliaries. Linguistics and Philosophy 32: 279-315. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10 988-009-9061-6

Hacquard, Valentine. 2011. Modality. In Maienborn, Claudia, Heusinger, Klaus von & Portner, Paul (eds.). Semantics: An international handbook of natural language meaning, 1484-1515. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter.

Hoffmann, T. Ronald. 1966. Past tense replacement and the modal system. In McCawley, James (ed). Notes from the linguistic underground (Syntax and Semantics 7), 85-100. New York: Academic Press, 1976.

Homer, Vincent. 2011. French modals and perfective: A case of aspectual coercion. In Washburn, Mary Byram et al (eds.). Proceedings of the 28th West Coast Conference on Formal Linguistics, 106-114. Somerville, MA: Cascadilla Proceedings Project.

Homer, Vincent. 2013. Epistemic modals: High ma non troppo. In Kan, Seda, Moore-Cantwell, Claire & Staubs, Robert (eds.). NELS: 40 Proceedings of the 40th Annual Meeting of the North East Linguistic Society, vol. 1, 273-286. University of Amherst, Massachusetts: GLSA Publications.

Hornstein, N. 1990. As time goes by. Tense in universal grammar. Cambridge, Mass.: Cambridge University Press.

Klein, Wolfgang. 1992. The present perfect puzzle. Language 68: 525-552.

Klein, Wolfgang. 1994. Time in Language. London: Routledge.

Kratzer, Angelika. 1981. The notional category of modality. In Eikmeyer, Hans J. & Rieser, Hannes (eds.). Words, worlds and contexts. New approaches in word semantics, 38-74. Berlin: De Gruyter. https://doi.org/10.1515/9783110842524-004

Krivochen, Diego Gabriel. 2013. Los verbos de ascenso como expresiones modales: el caso del español. Anuari de Filologia. Estudis de Lingüística 3: 33-56. https://doi.org/10.1344/AFEL2013.3.2

Kronning, Hans. 1996. Modalité, cognition et polysémie. Sémantique du verbe modal devoir. Uppsala-Stockholm: Acta Universitatis Upsaliensis-Almqvist & Wiksell International.

Kronning, Hans. 2001. Pour une tripatition des emplois du modal devoir. In Dendale, Patrick & Van der Auwera, Johan (eds.). Les verbes modaux (Cahiers Chronos 8), 67-84. Amsterdam: Rodopi.

Laca, Brenda. 2005. Tiempo, aspecto y la interpretación de los verbos modales en español. Lingüística 17: 9-44.

Laca, Brenda. 2016. Epistemic modality and perfect morphology in Spanish and French. Manuscript. Accessible on line: https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01372980/document

Le Querler, Nicole. 1996. Typologie des modalités. Caen: Presses Universitaires de Caen.

Le Querler, Nicole. 2001. La place du verbe modal pouvoir dans une typologie des modalités. In Dendale, Patrick & Van der Auwera, Johan (eds.). Les verbes modaux (Cahiers Chronos 8), 17-32. Amsterdam: Rodopi.

Lyons, John. 1977. Semántica. Barcelona: Teide, 1980.

Mari, Alda. 2015. Modalités et Temps. Des modèles aux données. Bern: Peter Lang.

Mari, Alda & Martin, Fabienne. 2008. Perfective and imperfective in French kinds of abilities and actuality entailment (and some notes on epistemic readings). Accessible on line: https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/ijn_00416168/document

Mari, Alda & Schweitzer, Susan. 2010. Calculating the epistemic interpretations of past modals via K. In Washburn, Mary Byram et al (eds.). West Coast Conference on Formal Linguistics 28 Online Proceedings. Somerville, MA: Cascadilla Proceedings Project.

Martin, Fabienne. 2011. Epistemic modals in the past. In Berns, Janine, Jacobs, Haike & Scheer, Tobias (eds.). Romance Languages and Linguistic Theory 2009: Selected papers from ‘Going Romance’ Nice 2009, 185-202. Amsterdam: John Benjamins. https://doi.org/10.1075/rllt.3.11mar

Matthewson, Lisa. 2012. On the (non-)future orientation of modals. In Aguilar-Guevara, Ana, Chernilovskaya, Anna & Nouwen, Rick (eds.). Proceedings of Sinn und Bedeutung 16 (MIT Working Papers in Linguistics, vol. 2), 431-446.

Napoli, Donna. 1981. Semantic Interpretation vs. Lexical Governance: Clitic Climbing in Italian. Language 57(4): 841-887. https://doi.org/10.2307/414244

Palmer, Frank Robert. 1986. Mood and Modality. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Papafragou, Anna. 1998a. Inference and word meaning: The case of modal auxiliaries. Lingua 105: 1-47. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0024-3841(97)00029-6

Papafragou, Anna. 1998b. Modality and the Semantics-Pragmatics Interface. Ph.D. Dissertation. University College London.

Perkins, Michael R. 1982. The core meanings of the English modals. Journal of Linguistics 18: 245-273. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0022226700013608

Picallo, M. Carme. 1985. Opaque Domains. Ph.D. Dissertation, City University of New York.

Picallo, M. Carme. 1990. Modals verbs in Catalan. Natural Language and Linguistic Theory 8(2): 285-312. https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00208525

Portner, Paul. 2009. Modality. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

RAE & ASALE. 2009. Nueva gramática de la lengua española. Madrid: Espasa-Calpe, 2 vols.

Ramchand, Gillian. 2012. Indexical vs. Anaphoric Modals. Unpublised Manuscript. CASTL, University of Tromsø.

Reichenbach, H. (1947). Elements of symbolic logic. New York: MacMillan.

Rivero, Mª. Luisa. 1976. Saber: Toward a grammar of knowledge in Spanish. In Luján, Marta & Hensey, Fritz G. (eds.). Current studies in Romance Linguistics, 246-254. Washington: Georgetown University Press.

Rullmann, Hotze & Matthewson, Lisa (2018). Towards a theory of modal-temporal interaction. Language 94(2): 281-331. https://doi.org/10.1353/lan.2018.0018

Schepper, Kees de & Zwarst, Joost. 2009. Modal geometry. Remarks on the structure of a modal map. In Hogeweg, Lotte, de Hoop, Helen & Malchukov, Andrej (eds.). Cross-linguistic Semantics of Tense, Aspect, and Modality, 245-270. Amsterdam: John Benjamins. https://doi.org/10.1075/la.148.10sch

Smith, Carlota. 1991. The parameter of aspect. Dordrecht: Kluwer.

Stowell, Tim. 2004. Tense and Modals. In Guéron, Jacqueline & Lecarme, Jacqueline (eds.). The Syntax of Time, 621-635. Cambridge: The MIT Press.

Sueur, Jean-Pierre. 1975. Etude sémantique et syntaxique des verbes devoir et pouvoir. Recherches sur des modalités en grammaire. Ph.D. Dissertation. University of Paris X-Nanterre.

Sueur, Jean-Pierre. 1979. Une analyse sémantique des verbes devoir et pouvir. Le français moderne 47(2): 97-120.

Sueur, Jean-Pierre. 1983. Les verbes modaux sont-ils ambigus? In David, Jean & Kleiber, (éds.). Actes du Colloque La notion sémantico-logique de modalité (Faculté des Lettres et Sciences Humaines de Metz, Centre d’Analyse Syntaxique, 5-7 Novembre 1981), Collection Recherches Linguistiques, vol. 8, 165-180. Paris: Klincksieck.

Tasmowski, Liliane. 1980. Un devoir opérateur. Travaux de linquistique 7: 43-58.

Vetters, Carl. 2004. Les verbes modaux pouvoir et devoir en français. Revue belge de philologie et d’histoire 82(3): 657-671. https://doi.org/10.3406/rb ph.2004.4851

Vikner, Sten. 1988. Modals in Danish and event expression. Working papers in Scandinavian Syntax 39: 1-33.

van Gelderen, Elly. 2003. Asp(ect) in English modal complements. Studia Lingüística. A Journal of General Linguistics 57(1): 27-43. https://doi.org/10.1111/1467-9582.00096

von Fintel, Kile & Gillies, Anthony. 2008. CIA leaks. The Philosophical Review 117(1): 77-98. https://doi.org/10.1215/00318108-2007-025

Werner, Tom 2005. The temporal interpretation of some modal sentences in English (involving a future/epistemic alternation). In Hollebrandse, Bart, van Hout, Angeliek & Vet, Co (eds.). Crosslinguistc views on tense, aspect and modality (Cahiers Chronos 13), 233-252. Amsterdam: Rodopi.

Wurmbrand, Susanne. 1998. Infinitives. Ph.D. Dissertation. Massachusetts Institute of Technology.

Wurmbrand, Susanne. 2001. Infinitives: Restructuring and Clause Structure. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter, 2003.

Wurmbrand, Susanne. 2014. Tense and Aspect in English infinitives. Linguistic Inquiry 45(3): 403-447. https://doi.org/10.1162/ling_a_00161

Zagona, Karen. 2007. On the syntactic features of epistemic and root modals. In Fernández Soriano, Olga & Eguren, Luis (eds.). Coreference, Modality and Focus, 221-236. Amsterdam: John Benjamins. https://doi.org/10.1075/la.111.11zag

Zagona, Karen. 2008. Phasing in modals: Phases and the epistemic/root distinction. In Guéron, Jacqueline & Lecarme, Jacqueline (eds.). Time and Modality, 273-291. Dordrecht: Springer. https://doi.org/10.1007/ 978-1-4020-8354-9_12

Published

05-12-2018

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.